10 tips on using microphones

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Know your types Dynamic mics tend to be the workhorses of the microphone world. They are cheap, can take a bit of signal, and tend to be used as mics for some of the bigger-sounding instruments and live vocals. Condensers are more sensitive so are better for more intricate and detailed recordings of, say, acoustic […]

Mastering advice from the pros

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Emily Lazar Emily Lazar is a Grammy-winning mastering engineer who operates from The Lodge studios in the heart of New York. With over 4,000 projects under her belt, she’s mastered some of the most important artists in rock and pop history. She lets us in on her philosophy… The tools I use most are my […]

Mastering at home with WaveLab

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Mastering with a conventional DAW can be a good way of working, but it has its shortcomings. The most significant of these is the way processors are applied as plugins on a track, with the need to continually save and load processor settings when moving between different songs in your collection or album. You can […]

An introduction to stem mastering

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Audio mastering can mean many different things to many different people, and the specific processes involved can vary greatly depending on the nature of the material and type of production. The thing that all audio mastering disciplines have in common, though, is the aim of preparing and optimising the material for the next stage of […]

Getting to know virtual-analogue synthesis

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In the previous story, we introduced you to physical modelling synthesis. Now, it’s time to learn more about virtual-analogue synthesis. Let’s dive right in… Circuit visualisation In the same year as the amazing-but-ignored Yamaha VL1 hit the shelves, Swedish manufacturer Clavia, then best known for its drum electronic-drum system, released the first incarnation of its […]

Understanding physical modelling synthesis

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Over the last few months, our series of articles on the history and science of sound synthesis has covered a lot of ground. Starting with the earliest valve-based electronic instruments that harnessed radio technology, we’ve seen how sound synthesis has always straddled the worlds of scientific research, state-of-the-art technology and abstract musical creativity. We’ve touched […]